Under an X-ray guidance a catheter with a small balloon at one end is advanced through your artery to the area that is blocked. When the balloon reaches the blockage it is inflated. This compresses the plaque against the arterial wall and widens the passageway for blood flow.
For some, changes in diet and exercise habits may be enough to slow down the progression of Atherosclerosis and reduce symptoms. Others may have blockages severe enough to warrant intervention such as Balloon Angioplasty or Bypass surgery.